There are adjectives which are usually used without nouns.
To refer to a particular type of a group, the formation of the sentence is the + adjective. Following are some examples:
the sportsmen, the handicapped, the deaf, the unemployed, the rich, the poor, the young, the old, the dead etc.
- He is raising fund for the deaf. (He is raising fund for deaf people.)
- Deprived are the poor (poor people are deprived)
- We should do something for the unemployed.
You must have noticed that these expressions are never singular, they are always plural.
- The deaf means “everyone who is deaf”.
- The dead refers to everyone who is no more.
There are some exceptions to the rule of plurals. There are few phrases in which such adjectives are used for singular person. Example: the accused, the former, the latter, the deceased etc.
One thing you must make a note of is that such adjectives are not used without ‘the’.
Correct: Deprived are the poor.
Incorrect: Deprived are poor.
When we use adjective in this way, the expressions cannot be used with apostrophe s (possessive ‘s).
Correct: The government must think about the problem of the blind.
Incorrect: The government must think about the blind’s problem.
Correct: The government must think about blind people’s problem.
Incorrect: Blind’s problem should be thought upon by the government.
Adjective can also be used to refer to some abstract quality or idea. The structure remains the same: the + adjective
She doesn’t believe in the astrology.
The fate is unknown to us.
Adjectives of Nationality- Adjectives for Behavior/State
The Adjectives of Nationality and Adjectives for Behavior/state ending -sh or -ch can be used without nouns.
- The structure for the adjectives of nationality is the+ adjective. Examples: Irish, Welsh, English, British, Spanish, French etc.
- The Adjective for Behavior/ state can be used without ‘the’. Examples: I am feeling He is acting childish, etc.
Adjectives used without nouns Quiz