A word which describes the quality of a noun is an adjective. The words sweet, tangy, bitter, and salty are adjectives.
Use of Adjective in a sentence
John is a good boy.
I live in a big house.
It’s very hot today, I will wear a cool t-shirt.
I want a chilled drink.
Adjectives of Quantity
These adjectives help to show the amount or the approximate amount of the noun or pronoun. These words do not provide exact numbers; rather they tell us the amount of the noun in relative or whole terms.
All, Half, Many, Few, Little, No, Enough, Great etc.
– It is he who spoke most of the time.
– Many girls don’t step out in summers.
Adjectives of Number
These words are used to show the number of nouns or their rank in a group. There are three different sections within adjectives of number; they are –
Definite Numeral Adjective – Those which clearly denote an exact number of nouns or the rank of the noun.
One, five, Ten, Twenty-Three etc.
First, Second, Third, etc.
Indefinite Numeral Adjective – Words that do not refer to an exact number but just give a general idea of the amount.
Some, Many, Few, Any, Several, All etc.
Example: There were few people interested in cricket back in 1950.
Distributive Numeral Adjective – Words that are used to refer to individual nouns within a certain group.
Either, Neither, Each, Another, Other etc.
Example: Every player contributed to the victory
One burger for each of you
These adjectives are used to point out or indicate a particular noun or pronoun using the adjectives – e.g.- This, That, These and Those.
– That bat belongs to Virat.
– This is the bat I was talking about.
– I really like those jeans.
– That colour suits me more.
Interrogative Adjectives – Words that are used to ask questions about nouns or in relation to nouns. e.g. – Where, What, Which and Whose.
– What am I supposed to do?
– Where do you see me five years down the line?
– Who is your favorite player?
– Whose bag is this?
On some occasions we need to use more than one adjective to describe a noun to our satisfaction. In these cases, commas are used to separate the adjectives but some series of adjectives do not require a comma. Therefore, we need to know the difference between Coordinate and Non-coordinate Adjectives –
Words which can be re-arranged in the series easily and are still grammatically sound. This kind of series makes use of commas. This series can also insert ‘and’ between them and still be correct.
– John is a coward, broken, depressed man.
– John is a broken, coward, depressed man.
– John is a depressed, coward and broken man.
Here we can see that all three sentences are grammatically correct. In this case, the adjectives only need to be separated by commas.
These are those adjectives which cannot be rearranged in the series. These do not use commas to separate the adjectives. Also, this kind of series do not make sense if we insert ‘and’ between them.
-John has three big oily bats.
-John has oily big three bats.
-John has big and oily and three bats.
Here we see that only the first sentence makes sense and is grammatically correct. The second and third ones are incorrect. Hence, the sentence uses non-coordinate adjectives and does not need commas.
List of Adjectives