When verbs are followed by adverb particles, they form phrasal verbs. Examples are: break down, put off, put on, work out, take off, give up, give away, switch on, bring up, call in.
- He has put on (gain) some weight
There are some exceptions to the rules of phrasal verbs formation. Sometimes verbs are not followed by the adverb particle; the adverb particle is placed after the object. Examples:
- Sam asked Julie out for coffee. (ask somebody out = invite on a date)
- Our mentor broke the group down into separate parts. (break down = to divide)
- I called him up, but he did not respond (call up = to make a phone call to someone)
Note that the particle is put after the object, when the object is a personal pronoun – it, me, us, them etc. – or when it is comparatively short.
Things to remember
There are many words which can be used as both adverb particles and prepositions. There is some difference between an adverb particle and a preposition. The particle is always placed after verb to form idiomatic expressions, the preposition is placed after the noun or pronoun it modifies.
The words like – out,upward, away, back, backward, forward, downward.
When the object is to be made prominent or when it is qualified by an adjectival phrase or clause, the particle comes before the object.
- Please cross out wrong answers.
- It’s time to do away with all of these old sales records.
- My new shirt fell apart in fighting.
- The Hindi Language comes from India.