Adverbs of degree or quantity
Adverb of degree is used to answer the questions like ‘to what extent’ , ‘how much’ or ‘in what degree’ Examples are: some, very, extremely, too, fully, quite, rather, probably, enough, partially, any, partly, almost, utterly, completely, entirely etc. Here are some examples:
- I had almost reached there when he left.
- The loss was very painful.
- His efforts did not come of any good.
- That’s utterly disgusting.
- You are fully exhausted.
- I put in enough efforts to cross the line.
Adverbs of Reason
The adverb which is used to answer the question ‘why?’ is called the adverb of reason. Here are some examples are: so, therefore, hence, consequently etc.
- I was not invited to the party, so I did not go.
- You were not home, it is hence proved that you were lying to us.
- I, therefore, won’t be able to join the conference.
Adverbs of affirmation or negation
The adverbs which are used to indicate affirmation or negation are called adverbs of affirmation or adverbs of negations respectively.
Examples are: surely, certainly, not, probably, never, indeed, always etc.
- You are probably wrong.
- He will never come.
- I will surely be there within 10 minutes.
Interrogative Adverbs are used for asking questions. Here are some examples are: which, what, when, where, how, why etc.
- When will you reach home? (Interrogative adverb of time)
- Why did you flee the scene? (Interrogative adverb of reason)
- How many apples do you want? (Interrogative adverb of number)
- Where is the party? (Interrogative adverb of place)
- How long will you wait here? (Interrogative adverb of time)
- How did he react? (Interrogative adverb of manner)
- How much do you want? (Interrogative adverb of quantity)
The relative adverbs are the adverbs which connect two different parts of a sentence, or in other words, a relative adverb establishes a relationship between two different clauses within a statement.
- He is the guy who broke this window.
In this sentence, who is an adverb as it modifies the verb break(broke). Who is also a relative as it connects the two clauses of the sentence and at the same time refers back to its antecedent, subject. Who is therefore called a relative adverb. Note that a relative adverb connects an adjective clause to the main clause.