An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, adjective, another adverb, determiner, noun phrase, clause, or sentence. Adverbs typically express manner, place, time, frequency, degree, level of certainty, etc., answering questions such as how?, in what way?, when?, where?, and to what extent?
Q: How did she sing?
A:She sang loudly. (Loudly is an adverb)
Q: How did she perform?
A: She performed brilliantly.
Adverb of Time
Example: The accident took place yesterday.
Here the Adverb is yesterday which is answering the question: when did the accident take place?
I will meet him tomorrow.
Here Adverb is tomorrow answering the question: When will you meet him?
Other examples of Adverbs of Time are – Once, Never, Tomorrow, Daily etc.
Adverb of Place
Example: The accident took place here.
Here the adverb is Here which is answering the question- where did the accident take place?
Adverb of Manners
These Adverbs tell about the manner of the action being done.
John sings loudly.
He confessed everything honestly.
She was running fast.
Adverb of Frequency
These adverbs are used to answer the questions like “How often” and “for how long”
He meets John everyday.
He watches TV daily.
He watch TV daily for 2 hours.
Here ‘everyday, daily and 2 hours’ are answering questions like “How often” and “for how long”
Other Examples of Adverbs of Frequency are – Frequently, Often, Yearly, Briefly etc.
Adverb of Degree
Adverbs of Degree are used to show to what extent an action has taken place.
I don’t deny it completely.
I don’t accept the charges in their entirety.
I have almost finished the job.
I am nearly done.
Other examples of these Adverbs are – Fully, Partially, Altogether etc.
Adverb of Confirmation and Negation
These Adverbs either confirm or deny the action of the Verb. They are also used to reinforce the action that is described by the Verb.
I will certainly bring some gift for you.
I will never let you go.
It is perfectly fine with me.
Other examples of Adverbs of Confirmation are – Definitely, Absolutely, Surely etc. Examples for Adverbs of Denial or Negation are – No, Don’t, Can’t etc.
Adverb of Comment
These Adverbs are used to make a comment on the entire sentence. They give a look at the speaker’s viewpoint or opinion about the sentence. These Adverbs don’t just change or describe the Verb; they influence the whole sentence.
Compare: Unfortunately, I had to leave the place secretly.
I had to leave the place secretly.
Unfortunately changes the tone completely