April 27, 2017

Analysis of a Sentence

As we know that a simple sentence has only one subject and one predicate. The subject of the sentence refers to the person or thing about which something is said. The predicate refers to the part of the sentence that says something about the subject.

Here are some examples:

  • War kills. (Subject – wire, predicate – kills)
  • The actor acts. (Subject – the actor, predicate – acts)
  • The Prime minister of India spoke about racism. (Subject – the prime minister of India, predicate – spoke about racism)
  • Love finds its way. (Subject – love, predicate – finds its way)
  • The murderer hit and run. (Subject – the murderer, predicate – hit and run)

It must be clear from the examples above that the subject of a sentence may consist of one word or more words, but it must always have a noun or pronoun in it. Similarly, the predicate may consist of one word or several words, but it must always have a verb in it.

Note: The most important word in the subject is called the subject-word or simple subject.

What are different kinds of subjects?

The subject is always a noun or a pronoun or a word or phrase that perform the action.

Two wrongs don’t make a right. (Here the subject is ‘wrongs’.)

The accused fled the scene. (Here the subject is the adjective ‘the accused’.)

To forgive is divine. (Here the subject is a to-infinitive.)

Sunny days invite the lovers to garden. (Here the subject is the phrase ‘sunny days’.)

Where there is will, there is a way. (Here the subject is a where-infinitive.)