May 3, 2017

Auxiliary Verbs

The verbs which are used to help the main verbs to form tenses, interrogative statements, passive forms, negative statements are called Auxiliary verbs.

  • is, am, are, was, were, have and do are examples of auxiliary verbs.

Usage of Auxiliary Verb

1) In the formation of the continuous tenses:

  • I am going to America.
  • You are singing so well.
  • I was waiting for you.
  • He was making tea.
  • It is taking a lot of time.
  • They were playing in the playground.

2) in the formation of passive verb forms

  • He was horrified by the incident.
  • The players were appreciated by the board.
  • I was made to do so.

Auxiliary verbs are used to form sentences indicating a plan, an agreement, an arrangement or a command.

  • I am to meet a matrimonial prospect today.
  • I was about to leave.
  • He was to be married last month, but his dead passed away.
  • You are to teach him at home.

Auxiliary verbHave’

Usage of auxiliary verb‘have’:

1) in the formation of the perfect tenses

  • He has gone to London.
  • I have reached home.
  • I have been longing for this opportunity.

2) with the infinitive to indicate obligation

  • I have to take him home, though I don’t wish to.
  • I have to cook food to avoid mom’s anguish.
  • I had to cook food to avoid mom’s anguish (obligation in past)

3)In the formation of interrogative and negative statements:

  • Does she want to come with us? (interrogative)
  • She does not want to come with us. (Negative)
  • Do they want to come with us? (interrogative)
  • They don’t want to come with us. (Negative)
  • Did I want to come with you? (interrogative)
  • No I didn’t want to come with you. (Negative)

Important: In interrogative and negatives statement, ‘have to’ and ‘had to’ are used with ‘do, does and did.’

Modal Verbs: Modal verbs are placed before main verbs to express ideas such as permission, possibility, certainty and necessity.

  • The verbs can, could, may, might, will, would, shall, should, must and ought are examples of Modal Verbs.

Important: Need and dare are also sometimes used like modal verbs.