September 25, 2016

Phrasal Verbs |Meaning|List and Usage

 

phrasal verbsPhrasal Verbs:

A Phrasal Verb is a verb that consist of two parts. The first part is always a verb like give, go, come, get etc. and  the second part is a preposition like in, on, up, down etc. This combination of a verb and a preposition creates a meaning which is completely different from that the original verb.

Examples:

run + into = meet

break + up = end a relationship

look + down on = think less of, consider inferior

 

Phrasal verbEach Phrasal Verb usually has a non-phrasal synonym.  For example, a) you should not turn down his offer. or you should not reject his offer. b) He compensated for the loss, or He made up for the loss.  Native speakers use Phrasal Verbs quite a lot in their daily conversations, so as a learner of English language you need to be familiar with them to speak English like a native.

 

Phrasal verbPhrasal Verbs along with meaning and usage:

Phrasal Verbs – A, B Meaning  Example Sentence
ask somebody out invite on a date Sam asked Julie out for coffee.
ask around ask many people the same question I asked around but nobody has seen that place.
add up to something equal Your purchases add up to $109.58.
back something up reverse You’ll have to back up your car so that I can get out.
back somebody up support My wife backed me up over my decision to change my job.
blow up explode The bike blew up after it crashed to the car.
blow something up add air We have to blow whistle up for attention.
break down stop functioning (vehicle, machine) My bike broke down at the side of the road.
break down get upset The woman broke down when the police told her that her son had died.
break something down divide into smaller parts Our teacher broke the group down into two separate parts.
break in force entry to a building Somebody broke in last night and stole everything from home.
break into something enter forcibly The firemen had to break into the room to save the people.
break something in wear something a few times so that it doesn’t look/feel new I need to break these clothes in before we go for party.
break in interrupt I saw a woman outside trying to break in.
break up end a relationship After his affair broke up, john went to live in Newyork.
break up start laughing (informal) The kids just broke up when I told them jokes.
break out escape The prisoners broke out of jail when there was a less security guards.
break out in something develop a skin condition I broke out in a rash after our camping trip.
bring somebody down make unhappy your sadness is bringing me down.
bring somebody up raise a child He stopped working in order to bring up his children
bring something up start talking about a subject John knew he had lost his job but he decided not to bring up the subject
bring something up vomit She drank so much champagne that she brought her lunch up in the toilet.
Phrasal Verbs -C Meaning  Example Sentence
call around phone many different places/people We called around but we weren’t able to find that thing.
call somebody back return a phone call I called the him back but the his phone was switch off.
call something off cancel The meeting was called off because few members were absent.
call on somebody ask for an answer or opinion I now call on the chief to address the assembly.
call on somebody visit Somebody We called on John yesterday but he was not there.
call somebody up phone Give me Suzan’s phone number and I will call her up when I will be there.
calm down relax after being angry You are still angry. You need to calm down before you cunduct the meeting.
not care for somebody/ something not like (formal) I don’t care for what you are doing.
catch up get to the same point as sby else You will have to hurry to catch up the wedding
check in arrive and register at a hotel or airport You will find the hotel details when you check in.
check out leave a hotel You have to check out of the hotel before 10:00 AM.
check somebody/ something out look at carefully, investigate The management checks out all new products.
check out somebody/ something look at (informal) Check out my new mobile I just baught it.
cheer up become happier He cheered up when he got the promotion.
cheer somebody up make happier I brought you some chocolates to cheer you up.
chip in help If everyone chips in we can get this contract.
clean something up tidy, clean You can clean up your bedroom in just 5 minutes.
come across something find unexpectedly Julie came across some photographs of her childhood in the attic.
come apart separate The tree branch will come apart if you push hard enough.
come down with something become sick My sister came down with fever from last five days.
come forward volunteer for a task or to give evidence The man came forward when receptionist called his name.
come from some place originate in The Hindi Language comes from India.
count on somebody/ something rely on I am counting on you to get this work done by today.
cross something out draw a line through Please cross out wrong answers.
cut back on something consume less My doctor wants me to cut back on oily food.
cut something down make something fall to the ground Government had to cut down the electricity because of the flood.
cut in interrupt My father cut in while I was dancing with my friends.
cut in pull in too closely in front of another vehicle The car driver got angry when that bike cut in.
cut in start operating (of an engine or electrical device) The air conditioner cuts in when the temperature gets to 22°C.
cut something off remove with something sharp He cut off that tree.
cut something off stop providing The Electricity company cut off our power because we didn’t pay the bill.
cut somebody off take out of a will My parents cut me off when I got remarried.
cut something out remove part of something (usually with scissors and paper) I cut this news out of the newspaper.
Phrasal Verbs -D Meaning  Example Sentence
do somebody/ something over beat up, ransack (BrE, informal) Her shop was done over by a street gang.
do something over do again (AmE) My father wants me to do work over because he doesn’t like my work.
do away with something discard It’s time to do away with all of these old sales records.
do something up fasten, close Do your jacket up before you go outside.
dress up wear nice clothing It’s a big party so we have to dress up.
drop back move back in a position/group John dropped back to third place in the race.
drop in/ by/ over come without an appointment I might drop in/by/over for dinner sometime next week.
drop somebody/ something off take somebody/ something somewhere and leave them/it there I have to drop my son off at school before I come over.
drop out quit a class, school etc I dropped out of engineering because it was too difficult.
Phrasal Verbs – E, F Meaning  Example Sentence
eat out eat at a restaurant Let’s eat out this weekend.
end up eventually reach/do/decide We ended up renting a home instead of buying a new home.
fall apart break into pieces My new shirt fell apart in fighting.
fall down fall to the ground The fan fell down this morning.
fall out separate from an interior The key must have fallen out of my pocket.
fall out (of hair, teeth) become loose and unattached His hair started to fall out.
figure something out understand, find the answer I need to figure out how to fit this machine in my room.
fill something in to write information in blanks, as on a form (BrE) Please fill in the form with all your details.
fill something out to write information in blanks, as on a form (AmE) The form must be filled out by black pen.
fill something up fill to the top I always fill the water bottle up when it is empty.
find out discover I am not able to find out the information.
find something out discover Thief tried to hide from police, but they found him out.
Phrasal Verbs – G Meaning  Example Sentence
get something across/ over communicate, make understandable I tried to get my point across/over to the teacher but she wouldn’t listen.
get along/on like each other I was surprised how well my new girlfriend and my best friend got along/on.
get around have mobility My granny can get around fine in his new wheelchair.
get away go on a vacation we had to get away for a week on New year.
get away with something do without being noticed or punished Jason always gets away with cheating on his girlfriend.
get back return We got back from our bussiness trip last week.
get something back receive something you had before John finally got her wallet back which was missing.
get back at somebody retaliate, take revenge My friend got back at me for stealing his watch.
get back into something become interested in something again I finally got back into my project and finished it.
get on something step onto a vehicle You can pay when you get on the bus.
get over something recover from an illness, loss, difficulty John had the fever but he got over it.
get over something overcome a problem We will have to close the shop if it can’t get over the profit
get round to something finally find time to do (AmE: get around to something) I don’t know when I am going to get round to complete this project.
get together meet (usually for social reasons) Let’s get together for a shopping this weekend.
get up get out of bed I got up late today.
get up stand You should get up & give respect to elder people.
give somebody away reveal hidden information about somebody His father gave him away to the police.
give somebody away take the bride to the altar My mother gave me away at my wedding.
give something away ruin a secret My father gave the surprise party away.
give something away give something to sombody for free He gave away most of his paintings
give something back return a borrowed item He promised to give back the money he borrowed..
give in reluctantly stop fighting or arguing The authorities refused to give in to the demands of the population.
give something out give to many people (usually at no cost) They were giving out free perfume samples at the department store.
give something up quit a habit I am giving up smoking from now.
give up stop trying This task is too difficult, I give up.
go after somebody follow somebody My father tried to go after the thief.
go after something try to achieve something She went after her dream and is now an actress.
go against somebody compete, oppose We are going against the best cricket team in the world.
go ahead start, proceed Please go ahead and complete the project today.
go back return to a place I have to go back home.
go out leave home to go on a social event We’re going out for movie tonight.
go out with somebody date Is Julie going out with Tom?
go over something review Please go over your answers before handing in your test.
go over visit somebody nearby I think I’ll go over for an hour or two.
go without something suffer lack or deprivation When I was young, we went there without permission.
grow apart stop being friends over time My best friend and I grew apart after he changed college.
grow back regrow My flowers grew back this summer.
grow up become an adult When Jack grows up he wants to be a businessman.
grow out of something get too big for John needs a new bicycle because he has grown out of the old one.
grow into something grow big enough to fit This bicycle is too big for him now, but he should grow into it by next year.
Phrasal Verbs -H Meaning  Example Sentence
hand something down give something used to somebody else My clothes were handed down to me by my older sister.
hand something in submit All application forms must be handed in before the end of the month.
hand something out to distribute to a group of people Samples will be handed out at the end of the demonstration.
hand something over give (usually unwillingly) The boy was forced to hand over the mobile phone he had stolen.
hang in stay positive (informal) Hang in there. I am coming to save you.
hang on wait a short time (informal) Hang on while I coming by car!
hang out spend time relaxing (informal) Let’s hang out at my place.
hang up end a phone call Don’t hang up. I haven’t finished yet.
hold somebody/ something back prevent from doing/going Hold on please. I’ll put you through to Mr. Brown.
hold something back hide an emotion John held back his tears at his Grandmother’s funeral.
hold on wait a short time Please hold on while I transfer your call to the complaint Department.
hold onto somebody/ something hold firmly using your hands or arms She held on to the railing as she crossed the bridge.
hold somebody/ something up rob The gang in a black mask held the bank up this morning.
Phrasal Verbs – K, L Meaning  Example Sentence
keep on doing something continue doing I told him to be quiet but he kept on making noise.
keep something from somebody not tell We kept our relationship from other friends for two years.
keep somebody/ something out stop from entering Try to keep the wet cat out of the bedroom.
keep something up continue at the same rate Keep it up John you are doing well.
let somebody down fail to support or help, disappoint You promised to come to the party, so don’t let me down!
let somebody in allow to enter Let that person come in.
log in (or on) sign in (to a website, database etc) You need to log in to your account before you use the services.
log out (or off) sign out (of a website, database etc) Log off the system and then turn off the computer.
look after somebody/ something take care of A baby sitter looks after the children when their parents go out.
look down on somebody think less of, consider inferior He tends to look down on anyone who is not successful.
look for somebody/ something try to find John went shopping to look for a pair of shoes.
look forward to something be excited about the future I look forward to seeing you soon.
look into something investigate I’ll look into the matter and call you back.
look out be careful, vigilant, and take notice Look out! That car’s going to hit you!
look out for somebody/ something be especially vigilant for Look out! There’s a car coming.
look something over check, examine You can look over my project.
look something up search and find information in a reference book or database We can look that information up on the Internet.
look up to somebody have a lot of respect for He was a wonderful teacher and many students looked up to him.
Phrasal Verbs -M, P Meaning  Example Sentence
make something up invent, lie about sthg Some employees make up excuses when they arrive late for work.
make up forgive each other It’s time to shake hands and make up.
make somebody up apply cosmetics to She spends ages making herself up/putting on make-up
mix something up confuse two or more things I don’t know the members’ names yet. I tend to mix them up
pass away die The old lady passed away peacefully.
pass out faint She passed out when she heard the bad news.
pass something out give the same thing to many people Don’t forget to pass out the information.
pass something up decline (usually something good) I passed up the subject because I am afraid of change.
pay somebody back return owed money I will lend you 20€ provided you pay me back before the end of the week.
pay for something be punished for doing something bad You have to pay for this cruel decision
pick something out choose Will you help me pick out a handbag to go with my outfit?
point somebody/ something out indicate with your finger The teacher pointed out the mistake.
put something down put what you are holding on a surface or floor You can put the glass down on the table.
put somebody down insult, make somebody feel stupid My friends put me down because my clothes were too dirty.
put something off postpone The meeting was put off because of the strike.
put something out extinguish It took a long time to put out the fire.
put something together assemble I have to put the charger to my phone.
put up with somebody/ something tolerate I don’t know how you can put up with all the noise.
put something on put clothing/ accessories on your body Put on your coat – it’s getting cold.
Phrasal Verbs – R, S Meaning  Example Sentence
run into somebody/ something meet unexpectedly I ran into an old school-friend at the mall.
run over somebody/ something drive a vehicle over a person or thing Sophie ran into Maria at the shopping centre.
run over/ through something rehearse, review Let’s run over/through these dialogues one more time before the scene.
run away leave unexpectedly, escape He ran away from home at the age of fourteen.
run out have none left What a nuisance! I’ve run out of coffee.
send something back return (usually by mail) They sent back me because I din’t have appointment.
set something up arrange, organize She set up  her own company 10 years ago.
set somebody up trick, trap The hunters set up the tiger by using a cage.
shop around compare prices It’s always wise to shop around before buying anything.
show off act extra special for people watching (usually boastfully) There’s David showing off in his new sports car!
sleep over stay somewhere for the night (informal) You’re welcome to sleep over if you don’t want to drive in this weather.
sort something out organize, resolve a problem Students should sort out their books at the end of the school year.
stick to something continue doing something, limit yourself to one particular thing We must decide on a plan of action and stick to it.
switch something off stop the energy flow, turn off I have switch off these lights.
switch something on start the energy flow, turn on I have switch on the TV.
Phrasal Verbs – T,U, W Meaning  Example Sentence
take after somebody resemble a family member John really takes after his dad.
take something apart purposely break into pieces The technician has to take the machine apart in order to repair it.
take something back return an item We will take back goods only if you can produce the receipt.
take off start to fly My plane takes off in five minutes.
take something off remove something (usually clothing) Take off your clothes & wash it properly.
take something out remove from a place or thing She took out a pen to note the address.
take somebody out pay for somebody to go somewhere with you He took her out for a meal on her birthday.
tear something up rip into pieces Tear up the boxes before you put them in the bin.
think back remember (often + to, sometimes + on) Sometimes I think back on my childhood.
think something over consider I’ll have to think over the proposal before I decide.
throw something away dispose of You can throw away that book – it’s a load of rubbish!
turn something down decrease the volume or strength (heat, light etc) Please turn down the music;  it’s too loud.
turn something down refuse I couldn’t turn down an offer like that!
turn something off stop the energy flow, switch off Turn off the lights please before you leave.
turn something on start the energy, switch on Turn on the lights when you will come back at home.
turn something up increase the volume or strength (heat, light etc) Could you turn up the radio please?
turn up appear suddenly She turned up an hour late.
try something on sample clothing I’m not sure about the size.  Can I try it on?
try something out test I am going to try this new product.
use something up finish the supply The kids have used up all the toothpaste.
wake up stop sleeping John please wake up early tomorrow.
warm somebody/ something up increase the temperature She warmed up some left-over soup.
warm up prepare body for exercise I always warm up before excercise.
wear off fade away The effect of the painkiller began to wear off.
work out exercise I work out twice a week at the gym club.
work out be successful what we have decided that worked out for us.
work something out make a calculation It’s expensive but I haven’t worked out the exact cost yet.

 

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