Tenses in English Grammar

tensesTenses in English Grammar

Tense: A tense is a form taken by a verb to show the time of an action or event. As we know that the concept of time can be split in three parts namely: Present, Past, future. Similarly there are three types of tenses in English grammar which are as following:

Present Tense

The tense which describes an action to be taking place currently is called Present Tense

Examples: I do my work

I am doing my work

Present Tense can be divided into four parts:

1.Simple Present Tense

In simple present tense either only the action is described without giving any other details about its completeness o a habit is described.

Examples: I play football.

John drinks.

He goes to school.

2. Present Continuous Tense

The present continuous tense is used to describe an action that is going on at the moment

Examples: I am eating lunch.

I am running.

John is drinking.

3. Present Perfect Tense

The present perfect tense is used to describe an action or event which has been completed in current.

Examples: I have eaten lunch.

John has drunk.

Ricky has gone to school.

4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense

The present perfect continuous tense describes an action that has been taking place for sometime and is still going on.

Examples: I have been waiting for you.

John has been drinking

I have been playing.

Past Tense

 

The tense which describes an action to have taken place sometime back is called  Past Tense.

Examples: I did my work.

I was doing my work.

Past Tense can be divided into four parts:

1.Simple Past Tense

In simple past tense either only the action is described without giving any other details about its completeness o a habit is described.

Examples: I played football.

John drank.

He went to school.

2. Past Continuous Tense

The present continuous tense is used to describe an action that was going on at the moment which is being referred in the conversation.

Examples: I was eating lunch.

I was running.

John was drinking.

3. Past Perfect Tense

The past perfect tense is used to describe an action or event which had been completed sometime back before another action in past.

Examples: I had eaten lunch (by the time John came.)

John had drunk (by the time I reached the bar.)

Ricky had gone to school (when I reached his home.)

4. Past Perfect Continuous Tense

The past perfect continuous tense describes an action that had been taking place for sometime and kept going on until another time.

Examples: I had been waiting for you.

John had been drinking

I had been playing

Future Tense

The tense which describes that an action will take place later on( after some time) is called Future Tense

Examples: I will do my work

I will be doing my work

Future Tense can be divided into four parts:

1.Simple Future Tense

In simple future tense only the action in future is described without giving any other details about it.

Examples: I will play football.

John will drink.

He will go to school.

2. Future Continuous Tense

The future continuous tense is used to describe either an action that will be going on at a particular time in the future or also to describe a probability/ prediction.

Examples: I will be eating lunch.

I will be running.

John will be drinking.

3. Future Perfect Tense

The future perfect tense is used to describe either an action which will be completed at a particular moment in the future or also to describe a firm prediction.

Examples: I would have eaten lunch.

John would have drunk.

Ricky would gone to school.

4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense

The future perfect continuous tense describes an action that has been taking place for sometime and will go on until a particular moment in future.

Examples: He  would have been waiting for you.

John would have been drinking

I would have been playing.

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